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In western countries, the only nutritional deficiency still common in children up to 3 or 4 years is iron deficiency. But his presence is necessary for the growth of your child. How to make sure that yours does not miss it?
Iron: why indispensable?
- Iron is essential for growth. It is largely contained in hemoglobin and serves the enzymatic and metabolic functions necessary for red cell turnover and oxygen transfer in all organs.
- Iron is essential for psychomotor acquisitions and resistance to infections. Iron deficiency in young children can lead to repeated ORL infections and later psychomotor problems.
- When food has diversified, it is often at this time that some iron deficiencies can appear. Between 1 and 3 years old, your toddler needs 7 mg of iron a day. To achieve this goal, he would have to eat more than 100 g of meat, fish or egg every day or 20 g of black pudding ... Mission impossible! At 1 year, his protein intake amounts to 20 g per day!
Milk: an iron mine
- Present in breast milkiron is also used in infantile milks, all enriched with iron. Therefore, after 1 year and up to 3 years, it is interesting to give your child milk growth, more suited to his needs, with a much higher iron content than cow's milk.
- Enriched with iron, growth milk can provide 70% of its daily needs. 500 ml of growth milk, the recommended daily dose, will bring him 5 mg of iron. Cow's milk provides only 0.25 mg. In addition, they are enriched with vitamins and essential fatty acids, essential for the development of the brain. A medical consensus recognizes their interest, especially in the prevention of iron deficiency, and recommends their consumption until the age of 3 years.